Official list of the birds of North Carolina

This is a list of all species accepted by the North Carolina Bird Records Committee as of its annual report for 2012. Taxonomy follows the AOU Check-list of North American Birds through the 54th Supplement (2013), except for the inclusion of a few species that are not on the AOU Check-list. See the taxonomic change history for the history of changes in the AOU Check-list.


 

Main List

This list includes all species with a North Carolina status of Definitive or Provisional

Common nameScientific nameNC statusNC review statusNC < 10?# NC recsComment
Order Anseriformes — Waterfowl
Family Anatidae — Waterfowl
Black-bellied Whistling-DuckDendrocygna autumnalisDefinitiveFullYES2 
Fulvous Whistling-DuckDendrocygna bicolorDefinitive   
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifronsDefinitive   
Snow GooseChen caerulescensDefinitive   
Ross's GooseChen rossiiDefinitive   
BrantBranta berniclaDefinitive   
Barnacle GooseBranta leucopsisDefinitiveFullYES1+ 
Cackling GooseBranta hutchinsiiDefinitive   
Canada GooseBranta canadensisDefinitive   
Mute SwanCygnus olorDefinitive   
Trumpeter SwanCygnus buccinatorDefinitiveFullYES1 
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianusDefinitive   
Wood DuckAix sponsaDefinitive   
GadwallAnas streperaDefinitive   
Eurasian WigeonAnas penelopeDefinitive   
American WigeonAnas americanaDefinitive   
American Black DuckAnas rubripesDefinitive   
MallardAnas platyrhynchosDefinitive   
Mottled DuckAnas fulvigulaDefinitiveFullYES3 
Blue-winged TealAnas discorsDefinitive   
Cinnamon TealAnas cyanopteraDefinitive   
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeataDefinitive   
Northern PintailAnas acutaDefinitive   
GarganeyAnas querquedulaProvisionalFullYES1 
Green-winged TealAnas creccaDefinitive   
CanvasbackAythya valisineriaDefinitive   
RedheadAythya americanaDefinitive   
Ring-necked DuckAythya collarisDefinitive   
Tufted DuckAythya fuligulaDefinitiveFullYES1 
Greater ScaupAythya marilaDefinitive   
Lesser ScaupAythya affinisDefinitive   
King EiderSomateria spectabilisDefinitive   
Common EiderSomateria mollissimaDefinitive   
Harlequin DuckHistrionicus histrionicusDefinitive   
Surf ScoterMelanitta perspicillataDefinitive   
White-winged ScoterMelanitta fuscaDefinitive   
Black ScoterMelanitta americanaDefinitive   
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisDefinitive   
BuffleheadBucephala albeolaDefinitive   
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangulaDefinitive   
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatusDefinitive   
Common MerganserMergus merganserDefinitive   
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serratorDefinitive   
Masked DuckNomonyx dominicusDefinitiveFullYES1 
Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensisDefinitive   
Order Galliformes — Quail, Pheasant, Grouse, Turkey
Family Odontophoridae — Quail
Northern BobwhiteColinus virginianusDefinitive   
Family Phasianidae — Pheasants, Grouse, Turkey
Ring-necked PheasantPhasianus colchicusDefinitive   
Ruffed GrouseBonasa umbellusDefinitive   
Wild TurkeyMeleagris gallopavoDefinitive   
Order Gaviiformes — Loons
Family Gaviidae — Loons
Red-throated LoonGavia stellataDefinitive   
Pacific LoonGavia pacificaDefinitive   
Common LoonGavia immerDefinitive   
Order Podicipediformes — Grebes
Family Podicipedidae — Grebes
Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podicepsDefinitive   
Horned GrebePodiceps auritusDefinitive   
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegenaDefinitive   
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollisDefinitive   
Western GrebeAechmophorus occidentalisDefinitive   
Clark's GrebeAechmophorus clarkiiProvisionalFullYES1 
Order Procellariiformes — Tubenoses
Family Diomedeidae — Albatrosses
Yellow-nosed AlbatrossThalassarche chlororhynchosDefinitiveFullYES3 
Black-browed AlbatrossThalassarche melanophrisDefinitiveFullYES1 
Family Procellariidae — Shearwaters, Petrels
Northern FulmarFulmarus glacialisDefinitive   
Herald PetrelPterodroma arminjonianaDefinitive   
Bermuda PetrelPterodroma cahowDefinitive   
Black-capped PetrelPterodroma hasitataDefinitive   
Fea's PetrelPterodroma feaeDefinitive   
Bulwer's PetrelBulweria bulweriiDefinitiveFullYES2 
Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris diomedeaDefinitive   
Cape Verde ShearwaterCalonectris edwardsiiDefinitiveFullYES1 
Great ShearwaterPuffinus gravisDefinitive   
Sooty ShearwaterPuffinus griseusDefinitive   
Manx ShearwaterPuffinus puffinusDefinitive   
Audubon's ShearwaterPuffinus lherminieriDefinitive   
Family Hydrobatidae — Storm-Petrels
Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicusDefinitive   
White-faced Storm-PetrelPelagodroma marinaDefinitive   
European Storm-PetrelHydrobates pelagicusDefinitive   
Black-bellied Storm-PetrelFregetta tropicaDefinitiveFullYES  
Swinhoe's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma monorhisDefinitiveFullYES3 
Leach's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoaDefinitive   
Band-rumped Storm-PetrelOceanodroma castroDefinitive   
Order Phaethontiformes — Tropicbirds
Family Phaethontidae — Tropicbirds
White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturusDefinitive   
Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereusDefinitive   
Order Ciconiiformes — Storks
Family Ciconiidae — Storks
Wood StorkMycteria americanaDefinitive   
Order Suliformes — Frigatebirds, Boobies, Cormorant
Family Fregatidae — Frigatebirds
Magnificent FrigatebirdFregata magnificensDefinitive   
Family Sulidae — Boobies, Gannet
Masked BoobySula dactylatraDefinitive   
Brown BoobySula leucogasterDefinitive   
Northern GannetMorus bassanusDefinitive   
Family Phalacrocoracidae — Cormorants
Double-crested CormorantPhalacrocorax auritusDefinitive   
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carboDefinitive   
Family Anhingidae — Anhinga
AnhingaAnhinga anhingaDefinitive   
Order Pelecaniformes — Pelicans, Herons, Ibises
Family Pelecanidae — Pelicans
American White PelicanPelecanus erythrorhynchosDefinitive   
Brown PelicanPelecanus occidentalisDefinitive   
Family Ardeidae — Herons
American BitternBotaurus lentiginosusDefinitive   
Least BitternIxobrychus exilisDefinitive   
Great Blue HeronArdea herodiasDefinitive   
Great EgretArdea albaDefinitive   
Snowy EgretEgretta thulaDefinitive   
Little Blue HeronEgretta caeruleaDefinitive   
Tricolored HeronEgretta tricolorDefinitive   
Reddish EgretEgretta rufescensDefinitive   
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisDefinitive   
Green HeronButorides virescensDefinitive   
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticoraxDefinitive   
Yellow-crowned Night-HeronNyctanassa violaceaDefinitive   
Family Threskiornithidae — Ibises, Spoonbill
White IbisEudocimus albusDefinitive   
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellusDefinitive   
White-faced IbisPlegadis chihiDefinitiveFullYES2 
Roseate SpoonbillPlatalea ajajaDefinitive   
Order Accipitriformes — Vultures, Osprey, Hawks
Family Cathartidae — Vultures
Black VultureCoragyps atratusDefinitive   
Turkey VultureCathartes auraDefinitive   
Family Pandionidae — Osprey
OspreyPandion haliaetusDefinitive   
Family Accipitridae — Hawks
Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatusDefinitive   
White-tailed KiteElanus leucurusDefinitiveFullYES  
Snail KiteRostrhamus sociabilisDefinitiveFullYES1 
Mississippi KiteIctinia mississippiensisDefinitive   
Bald EagleHaliaeetus leucocephalusDefinitive   
Northern HarrierCircus cyaneusDefinitive   
Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatusDefinitive   
Cooper's HawkAccipiter cooperiiDefinitive   
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilisDefinitive   
Red-shouldered HawkButeo lineatusDefinitive   
Broad-winged HawkButeo platypterusDefinitive   
Swainson's HawkButeo swainsoniDefinitive   
Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensisDefinitive   
Harlan's HawkButeo jamaicensis harlaniProvisionalFullYES1Subspecies; not counted in total number of species.
Rough-legged HawkButeo lagopusDefinitive   
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetosDefinitive   
Order Gruiformes — Rails, Cranes
Family Rallidae — Rails
Yellow RailCoturnicops noveboracensisDefinitive   
Black RailLaterallus jamaicensisDefinitive   
Clapper RailRallus longirostrisDefinitive   
King RailRallus elegansDefinitive   
Virginia RailRallus limicolaDefinitive   
SoraPorzana carolinaDefinitive   
Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinicusDefinitive   
Common GallinuleGallinula galeataDefinitive   
American CootFulica americanaDefinitive   
Family Aramidae — Limpkin
LimpkinAramus guaraunaDefinitiveFullYES3+ 
Family Gruidae — Cranes
Sandhill CraneGrus canadensisDefinitive   
Order Charadriiformes — Shorebirds, Gulls, Alcids
Family Recurvirostridae — Stilts, Avocets
Black-necked StiltHimantopus mexicanusDefinitive   
American AvocetRecurvirostra americanaDefinitive   
Family Haematopodidae — Oystercatcher
American OystercatcherHaematopus palliatusDefinitive   
Family Charadriidae — Plovers
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellusDefinitiveFullYES2 
Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarolaDefinitive   
American Golden-PloverPluvialis dominicaDefinitive   
Snowy PloverCharadrius nivosusDefinitiveFullYES  
Wilson's PloverCharadrius wilsoniaDefinitive   
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatusDefinitive   
Piping PloverCharadrius melodusDefinitive   
KilldeerCharadrius vociferusDefinitive   
Family Scolopacidae — Sandpipers
Spotted SandpiperActitis maculariusDefinitive   
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitariaDefinitive   
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropusDefinitiveFullYES1 
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleucaDefinitive   
WilletTringa semipalmataDefinitive   
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipesDefinitive   
Upland SandpiperBartramia longicaudaDefinitive   
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopusDefinitive   
Long-billed CurlewNumenius americanusDefinitive   
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaDefinitiveFullYES3 
Hudsonian GodwitLimosa haemasticaDefinitive   
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaDefinitiveFullYES  
Marbled GodwitLimosa fedoaDefinitive   
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpresDefinitive   
Red KnotCalidris canutusDefinitive   
RuffCalidris pugnaxDefinitive   
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminataDefinitiveFullYES2 
Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopusDefinitive   
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaDefinitive   
SanderlingCalidris albaDefinitive   
DunlinCalidris alpinaDefinitive   
Purple SandpiperCalidris maritimaDefinitive   
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdiiDefinitive   
Little StintCalidris minutaDefinitiveFullYES1 
Least SandpiperCalidris minutillaDefinitive   
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollisDefinitive   
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisDefinitive   
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosDefinitive   
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaDefinitive   
Western SandpiperCalidris mauriDefinitive   
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseusDefinitive   
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceusDefinitive   
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicataDefinitive   
American WoodcockScolopax minorDefinitive   
Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolorDefinitive   
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatusDefinitive   
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicariusDefinitive   
Family Stercorariidae — Skuas, Jaegers
Great SkuaStercorarius skuaDefinitive   
South Polar SkuaStercorarius maccormickiDefinitive   
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinusDefinitive   
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticusDefinitive   
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudusDefinitive   
Family Alcidae — Alcids
DovekieAlle alleDefinitive   
Common MurreUria aalgeDefinitiveFullYES  
Thick-billed MurreUria lomviaDefinitive   
RazorbillAlca tordaDefinitive   
Black GuillemotCepphus grylleProvisionalFullYES2 
Long-billed MurreletBrachyramphus perdixDefinitiveFullYES3 
Atlantic PuffinFratercula arcticaDefinitive   
Family Laridae — Gulls, Terns
Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactylaDefinitive   
Sabine's GullXema sabiniDefinitive   
Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphiaDefinitive   
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundusDefinitive   
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutusDefinitive   
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricillaDefinitive   
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcanDefinitive   
Black-tailed GullLarus crassirostrisProvisionalFullYES1 
Mew GullLarus canusDefinitiveFullYES  
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensisDefinitive   
California GullLarus californicusDefinitive   
Herring GullLarus argentatusDefinitive   
Thayer's GullLarus thayeriDefinitive   
Iceland GullLarus glaucoidesDefinitive   
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscusDefinitive   
Slaty-backed GullLarus schistisagusProvisionalFullYES1 
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreusDefinitive   
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinusDefinitive   
Brown NoddyAnous stolidusDefinitive   
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatusDefinitive   
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetusDefinitive   
Least TernSternula antillarumDefinitive   
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon niloticaDefinitive   
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspiaDefinitive   
Black TernChlidonias nigerDefinitive   
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterusProvisionalFullYES1 
Roseate TernSterna dougalliiDefinitive   
Common TernSterna hirundoDefinitive   
Arctic TernSterna paradisaeaDefinitive   
Forster's TernSterna forsteriDefinitive   
Royal TernThalasseus maximusDefinitive   
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensisDefinitive   
Black SkimmerRynchops nigerDefinitive   
Order Columbiformes — Doves and Pigeons
Family Columbidae — Doves, Pigeons
Rock PigeonColumba liviaDefinitive   
Band-tailed PigeonPatagioenas fasciataDefinitiveFullYES2 
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaoctoDefinitive   
White-winged DoveZenaida asiaticaDefinitive   
Mourning DoveZenaida macrouraDefinitive   
Passenger PigeonEctopistes migratoriusDefinitive  Extinct
Common Ground-DoveColumbina passerinaDefinitive   
Order Cuculiformes — Cuckoos
Family Cuculidae — Cuckoos
Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanusDefinitive   
Black-billed CuckooCoccyzus erythropthalmusDefinitive   
Smooth-billed AniCrotophaga aniDefinitiveFullYES1 
Groove-billed AniCrotophaga sulcirostrisProvisionalFullYES1 
Order Strigiformes — Owls
Family Tytonidae — Barn Owls
Barn OwlTyto albaDefinitive   
Family Strigidae — Owls
Eastern Screech-OwlMegascops asioDefinitive   
Great Horned OwlBubo virginianusDefinitive   
Snowy OwlBubo scandiacusDefinitiveFull   
Burrowing OwlAthene cuniculariaDefinitiveFullYES2 
Barred OwlStrix variaDefinitive   
Long-eared OwlAsio otusDefinitive   
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeusDefinitive   
Northern Saw-whet OwlAegolius acadicusDefinitive   
Order Caprimulgiformes — Nightjars
Family Caprimulgidae — Nightjars
Lesser NighthawkChordeiles acutipennisDefinitiveFullYES1 
Common NighthawkChordeiles minorDefinitive   
Antillean NighthawkChordeiles gundlachiiDefinitiveFullYES2 
Chuck-will's-widowAntrostomus carolinensisDefinitive   
Eastern Whip-poor-willAntrostomus vociferusDefinitive   
Order Apodiformes — Swifts, Hummingbirds
Family Apodidae — Swifts
Swift, sp.Cypseloides, sp.ProvisionalYES1 
Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagicaDefinitive   
Family Trochilidae — Hummingbirds
Green VioletearColibri thalassinusDefinitiveFullYES3 
Green-breasted MangoAnthracothorax prevostiiDefinitiveFullYES1 
Ruby-throated HummingbirdArchilochus colubrisDefinitive   
Black-chinned HummingbirdArchilochus alexandriDefinitive   
Anna's HummingbirdCalypte annaDefinitiveFullYES2 
Broad-tailed HummingbirdSelasphorus platycercusDefinitiveFullYES2 
Rufous HummingbirdSelasphorus rufusDefinitive   
Allen's HummingbirdSelasphorus sasinDefinitiveFullYES2 
Calliope HummingbirdSelasphorus calliopeDefinitive   
Broad-billed HummingbirdCynanthus latirostrisDefinitiveFullYES3 
Buff-bellied HummingbirdAmazilia yucatanensisDefinitiveFullYES1 
Order Coraciiformes — Kingfisher
Family Alcedinidae — Kingfisher
Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyonDefinitive   
Order Piciformes — Woodpeckers
Family Picidae — Woodpeckers
Red-headed WoodpeckerMelanerpes erythrocephalusDefinitive   
Red-bellied WoodpeckerMelanerpes carolinusDefinitive   
Yellow-bellied SapsuckerSphyrapicus variusDefinitive   
Downy WoodpeckerPicoides pubescensDefinitive   
Hairy WoodpeckerPicoides villosusDefinitive   
Red-cockaded WoodpeckerPicoides borealisDefinitive   
Northern FlickerColaptes auratusDefinitive   
Pileated WoodpeckerDryocopus pileatusDefinitive   
Ivory-billed WoodpeckerCampephilus principalisDefinitiveYES1 
Order Falconiformes — Falcons
Family Falconidae — Falcons
American KestrelFalco sparveriusDefinitive   
MerlinFalco columbariusDefinitive   
GyrfalconFalco rusticolusProvisionalFullYES1 
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinusDefinitive   
Order Psittaciformes — Parrots
Family Psittacidae — Parrots
Carolina ParakeetConuropsis carolinensisDefinitive  Extinct
Order Passeriformes — Flycatchers, songbirds
Family Tyrannidae — Flycatchers
Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperiDefinitive   
Eastern Wood-PeweeContopus virensDefinitive   
Yellow-bellied FlycatcherEmpidonax flaviventrisDefinitive   
Acadian FlycatcherEmpidonax virescensDefinitive   
Alder FlycatcherEmpidonax alnorumDefinitive   
Willow FlycatcherEmpidonax trailliiDefinitive   
Least FlycatcherEmpidonax minimusDefinitive   
Gray FlycatcherEmpidonax wrightiiDefinitiveFullYES1 
Pacific-slope/Cordilleran FlycatcherEmpidonax, sp.DefinitiveFullYES1 
Eastern PhoebeSayornis phoebeDefinitive   
Say's PhoebeSayornis sayaDefinitiveFullYES  
Vermilion FlycatcherPyrocephalus rubinusDefinitiveFullYES  
Ash-throated FlycatcherMyiarchus cinerascensDefinitive   
Great Crested FlycatcherMyiarchus crinitusDefinitive   
Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicusDefinitiveFullYES3 
Western KingbirdTyrannus verticalisDefinitive   
Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannusDefinitive   
Gray KingbirdTyrannus dominicensisDefinitive   
Scissor-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus forficatusDefinitive   
Fork-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus savanaDefinitiveFullYES3 
Family Laniidae — Shrikes
Loggerhead ShrikeLanius ludovicianusDefinitive   
Northern ShrikeLanius excubitorDefinitiveFullYES  
Family Vireonidae — Vireos
White-eyed VireoVireo griseusDefinitive   
Bell's VireoVireo belliiDefinitiveFullYES  
Yellow-throated VireoVireo flavifronsDefinitive   
Blue-headed VireoVireo solitariusDefinitive   
Warbling VireoVireo gilvusDefinitive   
Philadelphia VireoVireo philadelphicusDefinitive   
Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceusDefinitive   
Black-whiskered VireoVireo altiloquusDefinitiveFullYES  
Family Corvidae — Crows, Jays
Blue JayCyanocitta cristataDefinitive   
American CrowCorvus brachyrhynchosDefinitive   
Fish CrowCorvus ossifragusDefinitive   
Common RavenCorvus coraxDefinitive   
Family Alaudidae — Larks
Horned LarkEremophila alpestrisDefinitive   
Family Hirundinidae — Swallows
Purple MartinProgne subisDefinitive   
Tree SwallowTachycineta bicolorDefinitive   
Violet-green SwallowTachycineta thalassinaDefinitiveFullYES1 
Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennisDefinitive   
Bank SwallowRiparia ripariaDefinitive   
Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonotaDefinitive   
Cave SwallowPetrochelidon fulvaDefinitive   
Barn SwallowHirundo rusticaDefinitive   
Family Paridae — Chickadees, Titmice
Carolina ChickadeePoecile carolinensisDefinitive   
Black-capped ChickadeePoecile atricapillusDefinitive   
Tufted TitmouseBaeolophus bicolorDefinitive   
Family Sittidae — Nuthatches
Red-breasted NuthatchSitta canadensisDefinitive   
White-breasted NuthatchSitta carolinensisDefinitive   
Brown-headed NuthatchSitta pusillaDefinitive   
Family Certhiidae — Creepers
Brown CreeperCerthia americanaDefinitive   
Family Troglodytidae — Wrens
House WrenTroglodytes aedonDefinitive   
Winter WrenTroglodytes hiemalisDefinitive   
Sedge WrenCistothorus platensisDefinitive   
Marsh WrenCistothorus palustrisDefinitive   
Carolina WrenThryothorus ludovicianusDefinitive   
Bewick's WrenThryomanes bewickiiDefinitive   
Family Polioptilidae — Gnatcatchers
Blue-gray GnatcatcherPolioptila caeruleaDefinitive   
Family Regulidae — Kinglets
Golden-crowned KingletRegulus satrapaDefinitive   
Ruby-crowned KingletRegulus calendulaDefinitive   
Family Muscicapidae — Old World Flycatchers
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenantheDefinitiveFullYES3+ 
Family Turdidae — Thrushes
Eastern BluebirdSialia sialisDefinitive   
Mountain BluebirdSialia currucoidesProvisionalFullYES1 
VeeryCatharus fuscescensDefinitive   
Gray-cheeked ThrushCatharus minimusDefinitive   
Bicknell's ThrushCatharus bicknelliDefinitiveFullYES2+ 
Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatusDefinitive   
Hermit ThrushCatharus guttatusDefinitive   
Wood ThrushHylocichla mustelinaDefinitive   
American RobinTurdus migratoriusDefinitive   
Varied ThrushIxoreus naeviusDefinitiveFullYES  
Family Mimidae — Mimic Thrushes
Gray CatbirdDumetella carolinensisDefinitive   
Brown ThrasherToxostoma rufumDefinitive   
Sage ThrasherOreoscoptes montanusDefinitiveFullYES2 
Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottosDefinitive   
Family Sturnidae — Starlings
European StarlingSturnus vulgarisDefinitive   
Family Motacillidae — Pipits, Wagtails
White WagtailMotacilla albaDefinitiveFullYES2 
American PipitAnthus rubescensDefinitive   
Sprague's PipitAnthus spragueiiDefinitiveFullYES3 
Family Bombycillidae — Waxwings
Cedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorumDefinitive   
Family Calcariidae — Longspurs, Snow Bunting
Lapland LongspurCalcarius lapponicusDefinitive   
Chestnut-collared LongspurCalcarius ornatusDefinitiveFullYES3 
Smith's LongspurCalcarius pictusDefinitiveFullYES  
Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalisDefinitive   
Family Parulidae — Wood Warblers
OvenbirdSeiurus aurocapillaDefinitive   
Worm-eating WarblerHelmitheros vermivorumDefinitive   
Louisiana WaterthrushParkesia motacillaDefinitive   
Northern WaterthrushParkesia noveboracensisDefinitive   
Bachman's WarblerVermivora bachmaniiDefinitiveYES2Extinct
Golden-winged WarblerVermivora chrysopteraDefinitive   
Blue-winged WarblerVermivora cyanopteraDefinitive   
Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta variaDefinitive   
Prothonotary WarblerProtonotaria citreaDefinitive   
Swainson's WarblerLimnothlypis swainsoniiDefinitive   
Tennessee WarblerOreothlypis peregrinaDefinitive   
Orange-crowned WarblerOreothlypis celataDefinitive   
Nashville WarblerOreothlypis ruficapillaDefinitive   
Connecticut WarblerOporornis agilisDefinitive   
MacGillivray's WarblerGeothlypis tolmieiDefinitiveFullYES2 
Mourning WarblerGeothlypis philadelphiaDefinitive   
Kentucky WarblerGeothlypis formosaDefinitive   
Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichasDefinitive   
Hooded WarblerSetophaga citrinaDefinitive   
American RedstartSetophaga ruticillaDefinitive   
Kirtland's WarblerSetophaga kirtlandiiDefinitiveFullYES  
Cape May WarblerSetophaga tigrinaDefinitive   
Cerulean WarblerSetophaga ceruleaDefinitive   
Northern ParulaSetophaga americanaDefinitive   
Magnolia WarblerSetophaga magnoliaDefinitive   
Bay-breasted WarblerSetophaga castaneaDefinitive   
Blackburnian WarblerSetophaga fuscaDefinitive   
Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechiaDefinitive   
Chestnut-sided WarblerSetophaga pensylvanicaDefinitive   
Blackpoll WarblerSetophaga striataDefinitive   
Black-throated Blue WarblerSetophaga caerulescensDefinitive   
Palm WarblerSetophaga palmarumDefinitive   
Pine WarblerSetophaga pinusDefinitive   
Yellow-rumped WarblerSetophaga coronataDefinitive   
Yellow-throated WarblerSetophaga dominicaDefinitive   
Prairie WarblerSetophaga discolorDefinitive   
Black-throated Gray WarblerSetophaga nigrescensDefinitiveFullYES  
Townsend's WarblerSetophaga townsendiDefinitiveFullYES2+ 
Black-throated Green WarblerSetophaga virensDefinitive   
Canada WarblerCardellina canadensisDefinitive   
Wilson's WarblerCardellina pusillaDefinitive   
Yellow-breasted ChatIcteria virensDefinitive   
Family Emberizidae — Towhees, New World Sparrows
Green-tailed TowheePipilo chlorurusDefinitiveFullYES1 
Spotted TowheePipilo maculatusDefinitiveFullYES1 
Eastern TowheePipilo erythrophthalmusDefinitive   
Cassin's SparrowPeucaea cassiniiDefinitiveFullYES1 
Bachman's SparrowPeucaea aestivalisDefinitive   
American Tree SparrowSpizella arboreaDefinitive   
Chipping SparrowSpizella passerinaDefinitive   
Clay-colored SparrowSpizella pallidaDefinitive   
Field SparrowSpizella pusillaDefinitive   
Vesper SparrowPooecetes gramineusDefinitive   
Lark SparrowChondestes grammacusDefinitiveFull   
Lark BuntingCalamospiza melanocorysDefinitiveYES  
Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensisDefinitive   
Grasshopper SparrowAmmodramus savannarumDefinitive   
Henslow's SparrowAmmodramus henslowiiDefinitive   
Le Conte's SparrowAmmodramus leconteiiDefinitive   
Nelson's SparrowAmmodramus nelsoniDefinitive   
Saltmarsh SparrowAmmodramus caudacutusDefinitive   
Seaside SparrowAmmodramus maritimusDefinitive   
Fox SparrowPasserella iliacaDefinitive   
Song SparrowMelospiza melodiaDefinitive   
Lincoln's SparrowMelospiza lincolniiDefinitive   
Swamp SparrowMelospiza georgianaDefinitive   
White-throated SparrowZonotrichia albicollisDefinitive   
Harris's SparrowZonotrichia querulaDefinitiveFullYES  
White-crowned SparrowZonotrichia leucophrysDefinitive   
Dark-eyed JuncoJunco hyemalisDefinitive   
Family Cardinalidae — Cardinals, Buntings, Grosbeaks,
Summer TanagerPiranga rubraDefinitive   
Scarlet TanagerPiranga olivaceaDefinitive   
Western TanagerPiranga ludovicianaDefinitive   
Northern CardinalCardinalis cardinalisDefinitive   
Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianusDefinitive   
Black-headed GrosbeakPheucticus melanocephalusDefinitive   
Blue GrosbeakPasserina caeruleaDefinitive   
Lazuli BuntingPasserina amoenaDefinitiveFullYES1 
Indigo BuntingPasserina cyaneaDefinitive   
Painted BuntingPasserina cirisDefinitive   
DickcisselSpiza americanaDefinitive   
Family Icteridae — Blackbirds
BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorusDefinitive   
Red-winged BlackbirdAgelaius phoeniceusDefinitive   
Eastern MeadowlarkSturnella magnaDefinitive   
Western MeadowlarkSturnella neglectaProvisionalFullYES2 
Yellow-headed BlackbirdXanthocephalus xanthocephalusDefinitive   
Rusty BlackbirdEuphagus carolinusDefinitive   
Brewer's BlackbirdEuphagus cyanocephalusDefinitive   
Common GrackleQuiscalus quisculaDefinitive   
Boat-tailed GrackleQuiscalus majorDefinitive   
Shiny CowbirdMolothrus bonariensisDefinitive   
Brown-headed CowbirdMolothrus aterDefinitive   
Orchard OrioleIcterus spuriusDefinitive   
Bullock's OrioleIcterus bullockiiDefinitive   
Baltimore OrioleIcterus galbulaDefinitive   
Scott's OrioleIcterus parisorumDefinitiveFullYES1 
Family Fringillidae — Finches
BramblingFringilla montifringillaDefinitiveFullYES1 
Pine GrosbeakPinicola enucleatorDefinitiveFullYES  
House FinchHaemorhous mexicanusDefinitive   
Purple FinchHaemorhous purpureusDefinitive   
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostraDefinitive   
White-winged CrossbillLoxia leucopteraDefinitiveFull   
Common RedpollAcanthis flammeaDefinitive   
Pine SiskinSpinus pinusDefinitive   
Lesser GoldfinchSpinus psaltriaDefinitiveFullYES2 
American GoldfinchSpinus tristisDefinitive   
Evening GrosbeakCoccothraustes vespertinusDefinitive   
Family Passeridae — Old World Sparrows
House SparrowPasser domesticusDefinitive   

Total species472

North Carolina “Introduced” List

Common nameScientific nameNC statusNC review statusNC < 10?# NC recsComment
Order Psittaciformes — Parrots
Family Psittacidae — Parrots
Monk ParakeetMyiopsitta monachusIntroducedFullYES1 

Total species1

Explanation of column headings

Explanation of status terms


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