List of the birds of the Carolinas

This list includes all species with a South Carolina status of Definitive or Provisional I, or a North Carolina status of Definitive or Provisional. Taxonomy follows the AOU Check-list of North American Birds through the 58th Supplement (2017), except for the inclusion of a few species that are not on the AOU Check-list. See the taxonomic change history for the history of changes in the AOU Check-list.

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Common nameScientific nameSC statusNC statusSC Review StatusNC Review StatusComment
Order Anseriformes — Waterfowl
Family Anatidae — Waterfowl
Black-bellied Whistling-DuckDendrocygna autumnalisDefinitiveDefinitiveInland onlyInland only 
Fulvous Whistling-DuckDendrocygna bicolorDefinitiveDefinitiveFull 
Snow GooseAnser caerulescensDefinitiveDefinitive 
Ross's GooseAnser rossiiDefinitiveDefinitive 
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifronsDefinitiveDefinitive 
BrantBranta berniclaDefinitiveDefinitiveFull 
Barnacle GooseBranta leucopsis DefinitiveFullFullSC Provisional II
Cackling GooseBranta hutchinsiiDefinitiveDefinitiveFull 
Canada GooseBranta canadensisDefinitiveDefinitive 
Mute SwanCygnus olorDefinitiveDefinitive 
Trumpeter SwanCygnus buccinator DefinitiveFullFullSC Provisional II
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Wood DuckAix sponsaDefinitiveDefinitive 
GarganeySpatula querquedulaProvisionalFull 
Blue-winged TealSpatula discorsDefinitiveDefinitive 
Cinnamon TealSpatula cyanopteraDefinitiveDefinitiveInland onlyInland only 
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeataDefinitiveDefinitive 
GadwallMareca streperaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Eurasian WigeonMareca penelopeDefinitiveDefinitiveFull 
American WigeonMareca americanaDefinitiveDefinitive 
MallardAnas platyrhynchosDefinitiveDefinitive 
American Black DuckAnas rubripesDefinitiveDefinitive 
Mottled DuckAnas fulvigulaDefinitiveDefinitiveInland onlyInland only 
White-cheeked PintailAnas bahamensisDefinitiveFull 
Northern PintailAnas acutaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Green-winged TealAnas creccaDefinitiveDefinitive 
CanvasbackAythya valisineriaDefinitiveDefinitive 
RedheadAythya americanaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Ring-necked DuckAythya collarisDefinitiveDefinitive 
Tufted DuckAythya fuligulaDefinitiveFull 
Greater ScaupAythya marilaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Lesser ScaupAythya affinisDefinitiveDefinitive 
King EiderSomateria spectabilisDefinitiveDefinitiveFullInland only 
Common EiderSomateria mollissimaDefinitiveDefinitiveInland onlyInland only 
Harlequin DuckHistrionicus histrionicusDefinitiveDefinitiveFullInland only 
Surf ScoterMelanitta perspicillataDefinitiveDefinitive 
White-winged ScoterMelanitta fuscaDefinitiveDefinitiveInland only 
Black ScoterMelanitta americanaDefinitiveDefinitiveInland only 
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisDefinitiveDefinitive 
BuffleheadBucephala albeolaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangulaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Common MerganserMergus merganserDefinitiveDefinitiveFull 
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serratorDefinitiveDefinitive 
Masked DuckNomonyx dominicusDefinitiveFull 
Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensisDefinitiveDefinitive 
Order Galliformes — Quail, Pheasant, Grouse, Turkey
Family Odontophoridae — Quail
Northern BobwhiteColinus virginianusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Family Phasianidae — Pheasants, Grouse, Turkey
Ring-necked PheasantPhasianus colchicus DefinitiveFullSC Provisional II
Ruffed GrouseBonasa umbellusDefinitiveDefinitiveDownstate only 
Wild TurkeyMeleagris gallopavoDefinitiveDefinitive 
Order Podicipediformes — Grebes
Family Podicipedidae — Grebes
Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podicepsDefinitiveDefinitive 
Horned GrebePodiceps auritusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegenaDefinitiveDefinitiveFull 
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollisDefinitiveDefinitive 
Western GrebeAechmophorus occidentalisDefinitiveDefinitiveFullInland only 
Clark's GrebeAechmophorus clarkiiProvisionalFull 
Order Columbiformes — Doves and Pigeons
Family Columbidae — Doves, Pigeons
Rock PigeonColumba liviaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Band-tailed PigeonPatagioenas fasciataDefinitiveDefinitiveFullFull 
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaoctoDefinitiveDefinitive 
Passenger PigeonEctopistes migratoriusDefinitiveDefinitiveExtinct
Common Ground-DoveColumbina passerinaDefinitiveDefinitive 
White-winged DoveZenaida asiaticaDefinitiveDefinitiveMountains only 
Mourning DoveZenaida macrouraDefinitiveDefinitive 
Order Cuculiformes — Cuckoos
Family Cuculidae — Cuckoos
Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Black-billed CuckooCoccyzus erythropthalmusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Smooth-billed AniCrotophaga aniProvisional IDefinitiveFullFull 
Groove-billed AniCrotophaga sulcirostrisDefinitiveProvisionalFullFull 
Order Caprimulgiformes — Nightjars
Family Caprimulgidae — Nightjars
Lesser NighthawkChordeiles acutipennisDefinitiveFull 
Common NighthawkChordeiles minorDefinitiveDefinitive 
Antillean NighthawkChordeiles gundlachiiDefinitiveFull 
Chuck-will's-widowAntrostomus carolinensisDefinitiveDefinitive 
Eastern Whip-poor-willAntrostomus vociferusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Order Apodiformes — Swifts, Hummingbirds
Family Apodidae — Swifts
Cypseloides Swift sp.Cypseloides sp.ProvisionalFull 
Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagicaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Family Trochilidae — Hummingbirds
Mexican VioletearColibri thalassinusDefinitiveFull 
Green-breasted MangoAnthracothorax prevostiiDefinitiveFull 
Blue-throated HummingbirdLampornis clemenciaeProvisional IFull 
Ruby-throated HummingbirdArchilochus colubrisDefinitiveDefinitive 
Black-chinned HummingbirdArchilochus alexandriDefinitiveDefinitiveFull 
Anna's HummingbirdCalypte annaDefinitiveDefinitiveFullFull 
Broad-tailed HummingbirdSelasphorus platycercusDefinitiveFull 
Rufous HummingbirdSelasphorus rufusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Allen's HummingbirdSelasphorus sasinDefinitiveDefinitiveFullFull 
Calliope HummingbirdSelasphorus calliopeDefinitiveDefinitiveFull 
Broad-billed HummingbirdCynanthus latirostrisDefinitiveDefinitiveFullFull 
Buff-bellied HummingbirdAmazilia yucatanensisDefinitiveDefinitiveFullFull 
Order Gruiformes — Rails, Cranes
Family Rallidae — Rails
Yellow RailCoturnicops noveboracensisDefinitiveDefinitiveFull 
Black RailLaterallus jamaicensisDefinitiveDefinitiveInland only 
Clapper RailRallus crepitansDefinitiveDefinitive 
King RailRallus elegansDefinitiveDefinitive 
Virginia RailRallus limicolaDefinitiveDefinitive 
SoraPorzana carolinaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinicusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Common GallinuleGallinula galeataDefinitiveDefinitive 
American CootFulica americanaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Family Aramidae — Limpkin
LimpkinAramus guaraunaDefinitiveDefinitiveFullFull 
Family Gruidae — Cranes
Sandhill CraneAntigone canadensisDefinitiveDefinitive 
Whooping CraneGrus americanaDefinitive FullFullNC Not Established
Order Charadriiformes — Shorebirds, Gulls, Alcids
Family Recurvirostridae — Stilts, Avocets
Black-necked StiltHimantopus mexicanusDefinitiveDefinitiveInland only 
American AvocetRecurvirostra americanaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Family Haematopodidae — Oystercatcher
American OystercatcherHaematopus palliatusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Family Charadriidae — Plovers
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellusProvisional IDefinitiveFullFull 
Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarolaDefinitiveDefinitive 
American Golden-PloverPluvialis dominicaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Snowy PloverCharadrius nivosusDefinitiveDefinitiveFullFull 
Wilson's PloverCharadrius wilsoniaDefinitiveDefinitiveInland onlyInland only 
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticulaDefinitiveFull 
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Piping PloverCharadrius melodusDefinitiveDefinitive 
KilldeerCharadrius vociferusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Mountain PloverCharadrius montanusDefinitiveDefinitiveFullFull 
Family Scolopacidae — Sandpipers
Upland SandpiperBartramia longicaudaDefinitiveDefinitive 
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Eskimo CurlewNumenius borealisProvisional IFull 
Long-billed CurlewNumenius americanusDefinitiveDefinitiveInland only 
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaDefinitiveFull 
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosa DefinitiveFullFullSC Hypothetical
Hudsonian GodwitLimosa haemasticaDefinitiveDefinitiveFull 
Marbled GodwitLimosa fedoaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpresDefinitiveDefinitive 
Red KnotCalidris canutusDefinitiveDefinitive 
RuffCalidris pugnaxDefinitiveDefinitiveFullInland only 
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminataProvisional IDefinitiveFullFull 
Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaDefinitiveDefinitiveFullInland only 
Red-necked StintCalidris ruficollisProvisional IFull 
SanderlingCalidris albaDefinitiveDefinitive 
DunlinCalidris alpinaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Purple SandpiperCalidris maritimaDefinitiveDefinitiveInland onlyInland only 
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdiiDefinitiveDefinitiveFull 
Little StintCalidris minutaDefinitiveFull 
Least SandpiperCalidris minutillaDefinitiveDefinitive 
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollisDefinitiveDefinitive 
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisDefinitiveDefinitiveSpring only 
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosDefinitiveDefinitive 
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Western SandpiperCalidris mauriDefinitiveDefinitive 
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceusDefinitiveDefinitive 
American WoodcockScolopax minorDefinitiveDefinitive 
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicataDefinitiveDefinitive 
Spotted SandpiperActitis maculariusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitariaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipesDefinitiveDefinitive 
WilletTringa semipalmataDefinitiveDefinitive 
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus DefinitiveFullFullSC Hypothetical
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleucaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolorDefinitiveDefinitive 
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicariusDefinitiveDefinitiveInland only 
Family Stercorariidae — Skuas, Jaegers
Great SkuaStercorarius skuaDefinitiveFullInland only 
South Polar SkuaStercorarius maccormicki DefinitiveFullInland onlySC Hypothetical
Skua, sp.Stercorarius sp.DefinitiveFullNot counted as a separate species in the list for both states.
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinusDefinitiveDefinitiveInland onlyInland only 
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticusDefinitiveDefinitiveInland onlyInland only 
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudusDefinitiveDefinitiveFullInland only 
Family Alcidae — Alcids
DovekieAlle alleDefinitiveDefinitiveFullInland only 
Common MurreUria aalgeDefinitiveDefinitiveFullFull 
Thick-billed MurreUria lomviaDefinitiveDefinitiveFullInland only 
RazorbillAlca tordaDefinitiveDefinitiveInland onlyInland only 
Black GuillemotCepphus grylleDefinitiveProvisionalFullFull 
Long-billed MurreletBrachyramphus perdixDefinitiveDefinitiveFullFull 
Atlantic PuffinFratercula arcticaDefinitiveInland only 
Family Laridae — Gulls, Terns
Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactylaDefinitiveDefinitiveInland onlyInland only 
Sabine's GullXema sabiniDefinitiveDefinitiveFull 
Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphiaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundusDefinitiveDefinitiveFullInland only 
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutusDefinitiveDefinitiveFullInland only 
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricillaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcanDefinitiveDefinitiveFull 
Black-tailed GullLarus crassirostrisProvisionalFull 
Mew GullLarus canusDefinitiveFull 
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensisDefinitiveDefinitive 
California GullLarus californicusDefinitiveDefinitiveInland only 
Herring GullLarus argentatusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Iceland GullLarus glaucoidesDefinitiveDefinitiveFullInland only 
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscusDefinitiveDefinitiveMountains only 
Slaty-backed GullLarus schistisagusProvisionalFull 
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreusDefinitiveDefinitiveInland onlyInland only 
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinusDefinitiveDefinitiveMountains only 
Brown NoddyAnous stolidusDefinitiveDefinitiveFullInland only 
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatusDefinitiveDefinitiveInland onlyMountains only 
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetusDefinitiveDefinitiveInland onlyInland only 
Least TernSternula antillarumDefinitiveDefinitiveMountains only 
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon niloticaDefinitiveDefinitiveInland only 
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspiaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Black TernChlidonias nigerDefinitiveDefinitive 
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterusDefinitiveProvisionalFullFull 
Roseate TernSterna dougalliiProvisional IDefinitiveFullInland only 
Common TernSterna hirundoDefinitiveDefinitiveInland only 
Arctic TernSterna paradisaeaDefinitiveDefinitiveFullInland only 
Forster's TernSterna forsteriDefinitiveDefinitive 
Royal TernThalasseus maximusDefinitiveDefinitiveInland onlyMountains only 
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensisDefinitiveDefinitiveInland onlyInland only 
Black SkimmerRynchops nigerDefinitiveDefinitiveMountains only 
Order Phaethontiformes — Tropicbirds
Family Phaethontidae — Tropicbirds
White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturusDefinitiveDefinitiveFullInland only 
Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereusDefinitiveDefinitiveFullInland only 
Order Gaviiformes — Loons
Family Gaviidae — Loons
Red-throated LoonGavia stellataDefinitiveDefinitive 
Pacific LoonGavia pacificaDefinitiveDefinitiveFull 
Common LoonGavia immerDefinitiveDefinitive 
Order Procellariiformes — Tubenoses
Family Diomedeidae — Albatrosses
Yellow-nosed AlbatrossThalassarche chlororhynchosDefinitiveFull 
Black-browed AlbatrossThalassarche melanophrisDefinitiveFull 
Family Procellariidae — Shearwaters, Petrels
Northern FulmarFulmarus glacialisDefinitiveDefinitiveFullInland only 
Trindade PetrelPterodroma arminjonianaDefinitiveDefinitiveFullInland only 
Bermuda PetrelPterodroma cahowDefinitiveInland only 
Black-capped PetrelPterodroma hasitataDefinitiveDefinitiveInland onlyInland only 
Fea's PetrelPterodroma feaeDefinitiveDefinitiveFullInland only 
Zino's PetrelPterodroma madeiraDefinitiveFull 
Bulwer's PetrelBulweria bulweriiDefinitiveFull 
Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris diomedeaDefinitiveDefinitiveInland onlyInland only 
Cape Verde ShearwaterCalonectris edwardsiiDefinitiveFull 
Sooty ShearwaterArdenna griseaDefinitiveDefinitiveFullInland only 
Great ShearwaterArdenna gravisDefinitiveDefinitiveInland onlyInland only 
Manx ShearwaterPuffinus puffinusDefinitiveDefinitiveFullInland only 
Audubon's ShearwaterPuffinus lherminieriDefinitiveDefinitiveInland onlyInland only 
Family Hydrobatidae — Storm-Petrels
Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicusDefinitiveDefinitiveInland onlyInland only 
White-faced Storm-PetrelPelagodroma marinaDefinitiveInland only 
European Storm-PetrelHydrobates pelagicusDefinitiveInland only 
Black-bellied Storm-PetrelFregetta tropicaDefinitiveFull 
Swinhoe's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma monorhisDefinitiveFull 
Leach's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoaDefinitiveDefinitiveFullInland only 
Band-rumped Storm-PetrelOceanodroma castroDefinitiveDefinitiveFullInland only 
Order Ciconiiformes — Storks
Family Ciconiidae — Storks
Wood StorkMycteria americanaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Order Suliformes — Frigatebirds, Boobies, Cormorant
Family Fregatidae — Frigatebirds
Magnificent FrigatebirdFregata magnificensDefinitiveDefinitiveInland onlyInland only 
Family Sulidae — Boobies, Gannet
Masked BoobySula dactylatraDefinitiveDefinitiveFullInland only 
Brown BoobySula leucogasterDefinitiveDefinitiveFullInland only 
Red-footed BoobySula sulaDefinitiveFull 
Northern GannetMorus bassanusDefinitiveDefinitiveInland onlyInland only 
Family Phalacrocoracidae — Cormorants
Double-crested CormorantPhalacrocorax auritusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carboDefinitiveDefinitiveInland onlyInland only 
Family Anhingidae — Anhinga
AnhingaAnhinga anhingaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Order Pelecaniformes — Pelicans, Herons, Ibises
Family Pelecanidae — Pelicans
American White PelicanPelecanus erythrorhynchosDefinitiveDefinitiveInland only 
Brown PelicanPelecanus occidentalisDefinitiveDefinitiveInland only 
Family Ardeidae — Herons
American BitternBotaurus lentiginosusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Least BitternIxobrychus exilisDefinitiveDefinitive 
Great Blue HeronArdea herodiasDefinitiveDefinitive 
Great EgretArdea albaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Little EgretEgretta garzettaDefinitiveFull 
Snowy EgretEgretta thulaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Little Blue HeronEgretta caeruleaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Tricolored HeronEgretta tricolorDefinitiveDefinitive 
Reddish EgretEgretta rufescensDefinitiveDefinitiveInland onlyInland only 
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisDefinitiveDefinitive 
Green HeronButorides virescensDefinitiveDefinitive 
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticoraxDefinitiveDefinitive 
Yellow-crowned Night-HeronNyctanassa violaceaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Family Threskiornithidae — Ibises, Spoonbill
White IbisEudocimus albusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellusDefinitiveDefinitive 
White-faced IbisPlegadis chihiDefinitiveFull 
Roseate SpoonbillPlatalea ajajaDefinitiveDefinitiveInland only 
Order Cathartiformes — New World Vultures
Family Cathartidae — New World Vultures
Black VultureCoragyps atratusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Turkey VultureCathartes auraDefinitiveDefinitive 
Order Accipitriformes — Vultures, Osprey, Hawks
Family Pandionidae — Osprey
OspreyPandion haliaetusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Family Accipitridae — Hawks
Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatusDefinitiveDefinitive 
White-tailed KiteElanus leucurusDefinitiveDefinitiveFullFull 
Snail KiteRostrhamus sociabilisDefinitiveDefinitiveFullFull 
Mississippi KiteIctinia mississippiensisDefinitiveDefinitive 
Bald EagleHaliaeetus leucocephalusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Northern HarrierCircus hudsoniusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Cooper's HawkAccipiter cooperiiDefinitiveDefinitive 
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilisDefinitiveDefinitiveFull 
Red-shouldered HawkButeo lineatusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Broad-winged HawkButeo platypterusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Swainson's HawkButeo swainsoniProvisional IDefinitiveFull 
Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensisDefinitiveDefinitive 
Rough-legged HawkButeo lagopusProvisional IDefinitiveFull 
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetosDefinitiveDefinitive 
Order Strigiformes — Owls
Family Tytonidae — Barn Owls
Barn OwlTyto albaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Family Strigidae — Owls
Eastern Screech-OwlMegascops asioDefinitiveDefinitive 
Great Horned OwlBubo virginianusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Snowy OwlBubo scandiacusDefinitiveDefinitiveFull 
Burrowing OwlAthene cuniculariaDefinitiveDefinitiveFullFull 
Barred OwlStrix variaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Long-eared OwlAsio otusDefinitiveDefinitiveFull 
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Northern Saw-whet OwlAegolius acadicusDefinitiveDefinitiveFull 
Order Coraciiformes — Kingfisher
Family Alcedinidae — Kingfisher
Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyonDefinitiveDefinitive 
Order Piciformes — Woodpeckers
Family Picidae — Woodpeckers
Red-headed WoodpeckerMelanerpes erythrocephalusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Red-bellied WoodpeckerMelanerpes carolinusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Yellow-bellied SapsuckerSphyrapicus variusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Downy WoodpeckerPicoides pubescensDefinitiveDefinitive 
Hairy WoodpeckerPicoides villosusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Red-cockaded WoodpeckerPicoides borealisDefinitiveDefinitiveMountains only 
Northern FlickerColaptes auratusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Pileated WoodpeckerDryocopus pileatusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Ivory-billed WoodpeckerCampephilus principalisDefinitiveDefinitiveFullExtinct
Order Falconiformes — Falcons
Family Falconidae — Falcons
Crested CaracaraCaracara cheriwayDefinitiveDefinitiveFullFull 
American KestrelFalco sparveriusDefinitiveDefinitive 
MerlinFalco columbariusDefinitiveDefinitive 
GyrfalconFalco rusticolusProvisionalFull 
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Order Psittaciformes — Parrots
Family Psittacidae — Parrots
Carolina ParakeetConuropsis carolinensisDefinitiveDefinitiveExtinct
Order Passeriformes — Flycatchers, songbirds
Family Tyrannidae — Flycatchers
Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperiDefinitiveDefinitive 
Eastern Wood-PeweeContopus virensDefinitiveDefinitive 
Yellow-bellied FlycatcherEmpidonax flaviventrisDefinitiveDefinitive 
Acadian FlycatcherEmpidonax virescensDefinitiveDefinitive 
Alder FlycatcherEmpidonax alnorumDefinitiveDefinitiveFull 
Willow FlycatcherEmpidonax trailliiDefinitiveDefinitive 
Least FlycatcherEmpidonax minimusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Gray FlycatcherEmpidonax wrightiiDefinitiveFull 
Pacific-slope/Cordilleran Flycatcher (Western Flycatcher)Empidonax difficilis/occidentalisDefinitiveFull 
Eastern PhoebeSayornis phoebeDefinitiveDefinitive 
Say's PhoebeSayornis sayaProvisional IDefinitiveFullFull 
Vermilion FlycatcherPyrocephalus rubinusDefinitiveDefinitiveFullFull 
Ash-throated FlycatcherMyiarchus cinerascensDefinitiveDefinitiveFullInland only 
Great Crested FlycatcherMyiarchus crinitusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicusDefinitiveFull 
Western KingbirdTyrannus verticalisDefinitiveDefinitive 
Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Gray KingbirdTyrannus dominicensisDefinitiveDefinitiveInland onlyMountains only 
Scissor-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus forficatusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Fork-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus savanaDefinitiveDefinitiveFullFull 
Family Laniidae — Shrikes
Loggerhead ShrikeLanius ludovicianusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Northern ShrikeLanius borealisDefinitiveFull 
Family Vireonidae — Vireos
White-eyed VireoVireo griseusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Bell's VireoVireo belliiDefinitiveDefinitiveFullFull 
Yellow-throated VireoVireo flavifronsDefinitiveDefinitive 
Blue-headed VireoVireo solitariusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Philadelphia VireoVireo philadelphicusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Warbling VireoVireo gilvusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Yellow-green VireoVireo flavoviridisDefinitiveFull 
Black-whiskered VireoVireo altiloquusDefinitiveInland only 
Family Corvidae — Crows, Jays
Blue JayCyanocitta cristataDefinitiveDefinitive 
American CrowCorvus brachyrhynchosDefinitiveDefinitive 
Fish CrowCorvus ossifragusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Common RavenCorvus coraxDefinitiveDefinitiveCoastal only 
Family Alaudidae — Larks
Horned LarkEremophila alpestrisDefinitiveDefinitive 
Family Hirundinidae — Swallows
Purple MartinProgne subisDefinitiveDefinitive 
Tree SwallowTachycineta bicolorDefinitiveDefinitive 
Violet-green SwallowTachycineta thalassinaProvisionalFull 
Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennisDefinitiveDefinitive 
Bank SwallowRiparia ripariaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonotaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Cave SwallowPetrochelidon fulvaDefinitiveDefinitiveFullMountains only 
Barn SwallowHirundo rusticaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Family Paridae — Chickadees, Titmice
Carolina ChickadeePoecile carolinensisDefinitiveDefinitive 
Black-capped ChickadeePoecile atricapillus DefinitiveFullDownstate onlySC Hypothetical
Tufted TitmouseBaeolophus bicolorDefinitiveDefinitive 
Family Sittidae — Nuthatches
Red-breasted NuthatchSitta canadensisDefinitiveDefinitive 
White-breasted NuthatchSitta carolinensisDefinitiveDefinitive 
Brown-headed NuthatchSitta pusillaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Family Certhiidae — Creepers
Brown CreeperCerthia americanaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Family Troglodytidae — Wrens
House WrenTroglodytes aedonDefinitiveDefinitive 
Winter WrenTroglodytes hiemalisDefinitiveDefinitive 
Sedge WrenCistothorus platensisDefinitiveDefinitive 
Marsh WrenCistothorus palustrisDefinitiveDefinitive 
Carolina WrenThryothorus ludovicianusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Bewick's WrenThryomanes bewickiiDefinitiveDefinitiveFullFull 
Family Polioptilidae — Gnatcatchers
Blue-gray GnatcatcherPolioptila caeruleaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Family Regulidae — Kinglets
Golden-crowned KingletRegulus satrapaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Ruby-crowned KingletRegulus calendulaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Family Muscicapidae — Old World Flycatchers
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe DefinitiveFullFullSC Hypothetical
Family Turdidae — Thrushes
Eastern BluebirdSialia sialisDefinitiveDefinitive 
Mountain BluebirdSialia currucoidesProvisionalFull 
Townsend's SolitaireMyadestes townsendiProvisional IDefinitiveFullFull 
VeeryCatharus fuscescensDefinitiveDefinitive 
Gray-cheeked ThrushCatharus minimusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Bicknell's ThrushCatharus bicknelliDefinitiveDefinitiveFullFull 
Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Hermit ThrushCatharus guttatusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Wood ThrushHylocichla mustelinaDefinitiveDefinitive 
American RobinTurdus migratoriusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Varied ThrushIxoreus naeviusDefinitiveDefinitiveFullFull 
Family Mimidae — Mimic Thrushes
Gray CatbirdDumetella carolinensisDefinitiveDefinitive 
Brown ThrasherToxostoma rufumDefinitiveDefinitive 
Sage ThrasherOreoscoptes montanusDefinitiveFull 
Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottosDefinitiveDefinitive 
Family Sturnidae — Starlings
European StarlingSturnus vulgarisDefinitiveDefinitive 
Family Bombycillidae — Waxwings
Cedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorumDefinitiveDefinitive 
Family Passeridae — Old World Sparrows
House SparrowPasser domesticusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Family Motacillidae — Pipits, Wagtails
White WagtailMotacilla albaDefinitiveDefinitiveFullFull 
American PipitAnthus rubescensDefinitiveDefinitive 
Sprague's PipitAnthus spragueiiDefinitiveDefinitiveFullFull 
Family Fringillidae — Finches
BramblingFringilla montifringillaDefinitiveFull 
Evening GrosbeakCoccothraustes vespertinusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Pine GrosbeakPinicola enucleatorProvisional IProvisionalFullFull 
House FinchHaemorhous mexicanusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Purple FinchHaemorhous purpureusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Common RedpollAcanthis flammeaDefinitiveDefinitiveFull 
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostraDefinitiveDefinitive 
White-winged CrossbillLoxia leucopteraDefinitiveDefinitiveFull 
Pine SiskinSpinus pinusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Lesser GoldfinchSpinus psaltriaDefinitiveFull 
American GoldfinchSpinus tristisDefinitiveDefinitive 
Family Calcariidae — Longspurs, Snow Bunting
Lapland LongspurCalcarius lapponicusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Chestnut-collared LongspurCalcarius ornatusDefinitiveFull 
Smith's LongspurCalcarius pictusDefinitiveDefinitiveFullFull 
Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalisDefinitiveDefinitive 
Family Passerellidae — New World Sparrows
Green-tailed TowheePipilo chlorurusDefinitiveDefinitiveFullFull 
Spotted TowheePipilo maculatusDefinitiveDefinitiveFullFull 
Eastern TowheePipilo erythrophthalmusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Cassin's SparrowPeucaea cassiniiDefinitiveFull 
Bachman's SparrowPeucaea aestivalisDefinitiveDefinitiveMountains only 
American Tree SparrowSpizelloides arboreaDefinitiveDefinitiveFull 
Chipping SparrowSpizella passerinaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Clay-colored SparrowSpizella pallidaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Field SparrowSpizella pusillaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Vesper SparrowPooecetes gramineusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Lark SparrowChondestes grammacusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Lark BuntingCalamospiza melanocorysDefinitiveDefinitiveFullFull 
Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensisDefinitiveDefinitive 
Grasshopper SparrowAmmodramus savannarumDefinitiveDefinitive 
Henslow's SparrowAmmodramus henslowiiDefinitiveDefinitive 
LeConte's SparrowAmmodramus leconteiiDefinitiveDefinitive 
Nelson's SparrowAmmodramus nelsoniDefinitiveDefinitiveInland only 
Saltmarsh SparrowAmmodramus caudacutusDefinitiveDefinitiveInland onlyInland only 
Seaside SparrowAmmodramus maritimusDefinitiveDefinitiveInland only 
Fox SparrowPasserella iliacaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Song SparrowMelospiza melodiaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Lincoln's SparrowMelospiza lincolniiDefinitiveDefinitive 
Swamp SparrowMelospiza georgianaDefinitiveDefinitive 
White-throated SparrowZonotrichia albicollisDefinitiveDefinitive 
Harris's SparrowZonotrichia querulaDefinitiveDefinitiveFullFull 
White-crowned SparrowZonotrichia leucophrysDefinitiveDefinitive 
Golden-crowned SparrowZonotrichia atricapillaProvisional IFull 
Dark-eyed JuncoJunco hyemalisDefinitiveDefinitive 
Family Icteriidae — Yellow-breasted Chat
Yellow-breasted ChatIcteria virensDefinitiveDefinitive 
Family Icteridae — Blackbirds
Yellow-headed BlackbirdXanthocephalus xanthocephalusDefinitiveDefinitive 
BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Eastern MeadowlarkSturnella magnaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Western MeadowlarkSturnella neglectaDefinitiveProvisionalFullFull 
Orchard OrioleIcterus spuriusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Hooded OrioleIcterus cucullatusDefinitiveFull 
Bullock's OrioleIcterus bullockiiDefinitiveDefinitiveFullMountains only 
Baltimore OrioleIcterus galbulaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Scott's OrioleIcterus parisorumDefinitiveDefinitiveFullFull 
Red-winged BlackbirdAgelaius phoeniceusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Shiny CowbirdMolothrus bonariensisDefinitiveDefinitiveFullInland only 
Brown-headed CowbirdMolothrus aterDefinitiveDefinitive 
Rusty BlackbirdEuphagus carolinusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Brewer's BlackbirdEuphagus cyanocephalusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Common GrackleQuiscalus quisculaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Boat-tailed GrackleQuiscalus majorDefinitiveDefinitiveInland onlyInland only 
Family Parulidae — Wood Warblers
OvenbirdSeiurus aurocapillaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Worm-eating WarblerHelmitheros vermivorumDefinitiveDefinitive 
Louisiana WaterthrushParkesia motacillaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Northern WaterthrushParkesia noveboracensisDefinitiveDefinitive 
Bachman's WarblerVermivora bachmaniiDefinitiveDefinitiveExtinct
Golden-winged WarblerVermivora chrysopteraDefinitiveDefinitive 
Blue-winged WarblerVermivora cyanopteraDefinitiveDefinitive 
Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta variaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Prothonotary WarblerProtonotaria citreaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Swainson's WarblerLimnothlypis swainsoniiDefinitiveDefinitive 
Tennessee WarblerOreothlypis peregrinaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Orange-crowned WarblerOreothlypis celataDefinitiveDefinitive 
Nashville WarblerOreothlypis ruficapillaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Connecticut WarblerOporornis agilisDefinitiveDefinitive 
MacGillivray's WarblerGeothlypis tolmieiDefinitiveDefinitiveFull 
Mourning WarblerGeothlypis philadelphiaDefinitiveDefinitiveFull 
Kentucky WarblerGeothlypis formosaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichasDefinitiveDefinitive 
Hooded WarblerSetophaga citrinaDefinitiveDefinitive 
American RedstartSetophaga ruticillaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Kirtland's WarblerSetophaga kirtlandiiDefinitiveDefinitiveFullFull 
Cape May WarblerSetophaga tigrinaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Cerulean WarblerSetophaga ceruleaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Northern ParulaSetophaga americanaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Magnolia WarblerSetophaga magnoliaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Bay-breasted WarblerSetophaga castaneaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Blackburnian WarblerSetophaga fuscaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechiaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Chestnut-sided WarblerSetophaga pensylvanicaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Blackpoll WarblerSetophaga striataDefinitiveDefinitive 
Black-throated Blue WarblerSetophaga caerulescensDefinitiveDefinitive 
Palm WarblerSetophaga palmarumDefinitiveDefinitive 
Pine WarblerSetophaga pinusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Yellow-rumped WarblerSetophaga coronataDefinitiveDefinitive 
Yellow-throated WarblerSetophaga dominicaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Prairie WarblerSetophaga discolorDefinitiveDefinitive 
Black-throated Gray WarblerSetophaga nigrescensDefinitiveDefinitiveFullFull 
Townsend's WarblerSetophaga townsendiDefinitiveFull 
Black-throated Green WarblerSetophaga virensDefinitiveDefinitive 
Canada WarblerCardellina canadensisDefinitiveDefinitive 
Wilson's WarblerCardellina pusillaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Family Cardinalidae — Cardinals, Buntings, Grosbeaks,
Summer TanagerPiranga rubraDefinitiveDefinitive 
Scarlet TanagerPiranga olivaceaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Western TanagerPiranga ludovicianaDefinitiveDefinitiveFull 
Northern CardinalCardinalis cardinalisDefinitiveDefinitive 
Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianusDefinitiveDefinitive 
Black-headed GrosbeakPheucticus melanocephalusDefinitiveDefinitiveFullMountains only 
Blue GrosbeakPasserina caeruleaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Lazuli BuntingPasserina amoenaDefinitiveDefinitiveFullFull 
Indigo BuntingPasserina cyaneaDefinitiveDefinitive 
Painted BuntingPasserina cirisDefinitiveDefinitiveMountains only 
DickcisselSpiza americanaDefinitiveDefinitive 

Total species486 (473 Definitive)433479plus 1 non-counted taxa

Species recorded in South Carolina but not North Carolina

Common nameScientific nameSC statusComment
Order Apodiformes — Swifts, Hummingbirds
Family Trochilidae — Hummingbirds
Blue-throated HummingbirdLampornis clemenciaeProvisional I 
Order Gruiformes — Rails, Cranes
Family Gruidae — Cranes
Whooping CraneGrus americanaDefinitiveNC Not Established
Order Charadriiformes — Shorebirds, Gulls, Alcids
Family Scolopacidae — Sandpipers
Eskimo CurlewNumenius borealisProvisional I 
Red-necked StintCalidris ruficollisProvisional I 
Order Suliformes — Frigatebirds, Boobies, Cormorant
Family Sulidae — Boobies, Gannet
Red-footed BoobySula sulaDefinitive 
Order Passeriformes — Flycatchers, songbirds
Family Vireonidae — Vireos
Yellow-green VireoVireo flavoviridisDefinitive 
Family Passerellidae — New World Sparrows
Golden-crowned SparrowZonotrichia atricapillaProvisional I 

Total species7 (3 Definitive)

Species recorded in North Carolina but not South Carolina

Common nameScientific nameNC statusComment
Order Anseriformes — Waterfowl
Family Anatidae — Waterfowl
Barnacle GooseBranta leucopsisDefinitiveSC Provisional II
Trumpeter SwanCygnus buccinatorDefinitiveSC Provisional II
GarganeySpatula querquedulaProvisional 
White-cheeked PintailAnas bahamensisDefinitive 
Tufted DuckAythya fuligulaDefinitive 
Masked DuckNomonyx dominicusDefinitive 
Order Galliformes — Quail, Pheasant, Grouse, Turkey
Family Phasianidae — Pheasants, Grouse, Turkey
Ring-necked PheasantPhasianus colchicusDefinitiveSC Provisional II
Order Podicipediformes — Grebes
Family Podicipedidae — Grebes
Clark's GrebeAechmophorus clarkiiProvisional 
Order Caprimulgiformes — Nightjars
Family Caprimulgidae — Nightjars
Lesser NighthawkChordeiles acutipennisDefinitive 
Antillean NighthawkChordeiles gundlachiiDefinitive 
Order Apodiformes — Swifts, Hummingbirds
Family Apodidae — Swifts
Cypseloides Swift sp.Cypseloides sp.Provisional 
Family Trochilidae — Hummingbirds
Mexican VioletearColibri thalassinusDefinitive 
Green-breasted MangoAnthracothorax prevostiiDefinitive 
Broad-tailed HummingbirdSelasphorus platycercusDefinitive 
Order Charadriiformes — Shorebirds, Gulls, Alcids
Family Charadriidae — Plovers
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticulaDefinitive 
Family Scolopacidae — Sandpipers
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaDefinitive 
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaDefinitiveSC Hypothetical
Little StintCalidris minutaDefinitive 
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropusDefinitiveSC Hypothetical
Family Stercorariidae — Skuas, Jaegers
Great SkuaStercorarius skuaDefinitive 
South Polar SkuaStercorarius maccormickiDefinitiveSC Hypothetical
Family Alcidae — Alcids
Atlantic PuffinFratercula arcticaDefinitive 
Family Laridae — Gulls, Terns
Black-tailed GullLarus crassirostrisProvisional 
Mew GullLarus canusDefinitive 
Slaty-backed GullLarus schistisagusProvisional 
Order Procellariiformes — Tubenoses
Family Diomedeidae — Albatrosses
Yellow-nosed AlbatrossThalassarche chlororhynchosDefinitive 
Black-browed AlbatrossThalassarche melanophrisDefinitive 
Family Procellariidae — Shearwaters, Petrels
Bermuda PetrelPterodroma cahowDefinitive 
Zino's PetrelPterodroma madeiraDefinitive 
Bulwer's PetrelBulweria bulweriiDefinitive 
Cape Verde ShearwaterCalonectris edwardsiiDefinitive 
Family Hydrobatidae — Storm-Petrels
White-faced Storm-PetrelPelagodroma marinaDefinitive 
European Storm-PetrelHydrobates pelagicusDefinitive 
Black-bellied Storm-PetrelFregetta tropicaDefinitive 
Swinhoe's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma monorhisDefinitive 
Order Pelecaniformes — Pelicans, Herons, Ibises
Family Ardeidae — Herons
Little EgretEgretta garzettaDefinitive 
Family Threskiornithidae — Ibises, Spoonbill
White-faced IbisPlegadis chihiDefinitive 
Order Falconiformes — Falcons
Family Falconidae — Falcons
GyrfalconFalco rusticolusProvisional 
Order Passeriformes — Flycatchers, songbirds
Family Tyrannidae — Flycatchers
Gray FlycatcherEmpidonax wrightiiDefinitive 
Pacific-slope/Cordilleran Flycatcher (Western Flycatcher)Empidonax difficilis/occidentalisDefinitive 
Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicusDefinitive 
Family Laniidae — Shrikes
Northern ShrikeLanius borealisDefinitive 
Family Vireonidae — Vireos
Black-whiskered VireoVireo altiloquusDefinitive 
Family Hirundinidae — Swallows
Violet-green SwallowTachycineta thalassinaProvisional 
Family Paridae — Chickadees, Titmice
Black-capped ChickadeePoecile atricapillusDefinitiveSC Hypothetical
Family Muscicapidae — Old World Flycatchers
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenantheDefinitiveSC Hypothetical
Family Turdidae — Thrushes
Mountain BluebirdSialia currucoidesProvisional 
Family Mimidae — Mimic Thrushes
Sage ThrasherOreoscoptes montanusDefinitive 
Family Fringillidae — Finches
BramblingFringilla montifringillaDefinitive 
Lesser GoldfinchSpinus psaltriaDefinitive 
Family Calcariidae — Longspurs, Snow Bunting
Chestnut-collared LongspurCalcarius ornatusDefinitive 
Family Passerellidae — New World Sparrows
Cassin's SparrowPeucaea cassiniiDefinitive 
Family Icteridae — Blackbirds
Hooded OrioleIcterus cucullatusDefinitive 
Family Parulidae — Wood Warblers
Townsend's WarblerSetophaga townsendiDefinitive 

Total species54 (46 Definitive)

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